Reason and Rhetoric in the Philosophy of Hobbes PDF
  • Author : Quentin Skinner
  • Release : 1996-02-22
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN : 0521554365
  • Category : History

Synopsis:
An outstanding new interpretation of Hobbes, one of the most difficult and challenging of political philosophers.


Rescuing Reason PDF
  • Author : R. Nola
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 559
  • ISBN : 9789401002899
  • Category : Science

Synopsis:
Do knowledge and science arise from the application of canons of rationality and scientific method? Or is all our scientific knowledge caused by socio-political factors, or by our interests in the socio-political - the view of sociologists of "knowledge"? Or does it result from interplay of relations of power - the view of Michel Foucault? Or does our knowledge arise from "the will to power" - the view of Nietzsche? This volume sets out to critically examine the theses of those who would debunk the idea of rational explanation. The book is wide-ranging. The theories of method of Quine, Kuhn, Feyerabend (amongst others) are discussed and related to the views of Marx, Foucault, Wittgenstein and Nietzsche as well as sociologists of science such as Mannheim and Bloor. The author provides a wid


Reason for the Hope Within PDF
  • Author : Michael J. Murray
  • Release : 1999
  • Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 0802844375
  • Category : Philosophy

Synopsis:
During the last two decades there has been a renaissance in the field of Christian philosophy. Unfortunately, most of this excellent work has not reached general readers. Reason for the Hope Within was produced specifically to make available the best of contemporary Christian philosophy in a clear, accessible -- and highly relevant -- manner. Fourteen of America's rising Christian philosophers here cover many of the traditional themes of Christian apologetics (arguments for the existence of God, the problem of evil, the possibility of miracles) as well as topics of special relevance to today's world (Eastern religions, Christianity and science, Christianity and ethics, the existence of heaven and hell).


Reasons of One s Own PDF
  • Author : Marc Slors
  • Release : 2017-11-28
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 9781351150705
  • Category : Philosophy

Synopsis:
Practical reasoning in contemporary Western societies is characterised by an unprecedented degree of idiosyncrasy and demands of personal authenticity. This has resulted from the decline of traditional moral authorities, the rise of individualistic lifestyles, increasing multiculturalism and rapid technological advance. These developments have given rise to reflection on the notion of 'reasons of one's own', an examination of the intelligibility of reasons that are closely connected to a particular agent, and recognised as such by others, although not shared by them. Problems addressed by the contributors include; How to account for the cognitive overtones in moral and motivational language given the apparent 'agent-relativity' of reasons. How to retain the 'agent-relativity' of reasons fo


Doing Things for Reasons PDF
  • Author : Rüdiger Bittner
  • Release : 2001
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Pages : 217
  • ISBN : 9780195143645
  • Category : Philosophy

Synopsis:
People do things for reasons, but what are reasons and how are they related to the resulting actions? Bittner explores this question and proposes an answer: a reason is a response to that state of affairs.


Semantics for Reasons PDF
  • Author : Bryan R. Weaver
  • Release : 2019-06-27
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9780192568847
  • Category : Philosophy

Synopsis:
Semantics for Reasons is a book about what we mean when we talk about reasons. It not only brings together the theory of reasons and natural language semantics in original ways but also sketches out a litany of implications for metaethics and the philosophy of normativity. In their account of how the language of reasons works, Bryan R. Weaver and Kevin Scharp propose and defend a view called Question Under Discussion (QUD) Reasons Contextualism. They use this view to argue for a series of novel positions on the ontology of reasons, indexical facts, the reasons-to-be- rational debate, moral reasons, and the reasons-first approach.


The Evidential Foundations of Probabilistic Reasoning PDF
  • Author : David A. Schum
  • Release : 2001
  • Publisher : Northwestern University Press
  • Pages : 572
  • ISBN : 0810118211
  • Category : Law

Synopsis:
In this work Schum develops a general theory of evidence as it is understood and applied across a broad range of disciplines and practical undertakings. He include insights from law, philosophy, logic, probability, semiotics, artificial intelligence, psychology and history.


An Introduction to Law and Legal Reasoning PDF
  • Author : Steven J. Burton
  • Release : 2007-01-10
  • Publisher : Aspen Publishing
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 9781454822639
  • Category : Law

Synopsis:
Now in its Third Edition, An Introduction to Law and Legal Reasoning continues to be the ideal go-to for the first year law student. It is a short, practical book that introduces beginning law students and others to contemporary law and legal reasoning. By presenting these topics through various discussions of cases and examples, it provides students with a solid source to reference for years to come. A dependable, practical source, that: Covers analogical and deductive reasoning, as well as the roles of legal conventions, purposes, and policies in legal reasoning Discusses cases of varying difficulty to diversify the learning process Presents law and legal reasoning primarily through discussions of cases and examples that avoid the abstraction characteristic of most competing books Emphas


The Cambridge Review PDF
  • Author :
  • Release : 1894
  • Publisher :
  • Pages : 634
  • ISBN : HARVARD:HXDS6N
  • Category :

Synopsis:
Vols. 1-26 include a supplement: The University pulpit, vols. [1]-26, no. 1-661, which has separate pagination but is indexed in the main vol.


The Reason s Proper Study PDF
  • Author : Bob Hale
  • Release : 2001-03-01
  • Publisher : Clarendon Press
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 9780191519079
  • Category : Philosophy

Synopsis:
Bob Hale and Crispin Wright draw together here the key writings in which they have worked out their distinctive neo-Fregean approach to the philosophy of mathematics. The two main components in Frege's mathematical philosophy were his platonism and his logicism — the claims, respectively, that mathematics is a body of knowledge about independently existing objects, and that this knowledge may be acquired on the basis of general logical laws and suitable definitions. The central thesis of this collection is that Frege was — his own eventual recantation notwithstanding — substantially right in both claims. Where neo-Fregeanism principally differs from Frege is in taking a more optimistic view of the kind of contextual explanation (proceeding via what are now commonly called abstraction


Now Don t Try to Reason with Me PDF
  • Author : Wayne C. Booth
  • Release : 1970
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 9780226065809
  • Category : Education

Synopsis:
In this entertaining collection of essays, Wayne Booth looks for the much-maligned “middle ground” for reason—a rhetoric that can unite truths of the heart with truths of the head and allow us all to discover shared convictions in mutual inquiry. First delivered as lectures in the 1960s, when Booth was a professor at Earlham College and the University of Chicago, Now Don’t Try to Reason with Me still resounds with anyone struggling for consensus in a world of us versus them. “Professor Booth’s earnestness is graced by wit, irony, and generous humor.”—Louis Coxe, New Republic


Practical Reason and Norms PDF
  • Author : Joseph Raz
  • Release : 1999-09-09
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 9780191018589
  • Category : Philosophy

Synopsis:
Practical Reason and Norms focuses on three problems: In what way are rules normative, and how do they differ from ordinary reasons? What makes normative systems systematic? What distinguishes legal systems, and in what consists their normativity? All three questions are answered by taking reasons as the basic normative concept, and showing the distinctive role reasons have in every case, thus paving the way to a unified account of normativity. Rules are a structure of reasons to perform the required act and an exclusionary reason not to follow some competing reasons. Exclusionary reasons are explained, and used to unlock the secrets of orders, promises, and decisions as well as rules. Games are used to exemplify normative systems. Inevitably, the analysis extends to some aspects of normat


Reason  Revelation  and Devotion PDF
  • Author : William J. Wainwright
  • Release : 2016
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Pages : 217
  • ISBN : 9781107062405
  • Category : Religion

Synopsis:
The book presents a novel defense of the beneficial epistemic effect that extra logical features can have on the assessment of religious arguments.


Public Reason and Bioethics PDF
  • Author : Hon-Lam Li
  • Release : 2022-01-01
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Pages : 415
  • ISBN : 9783030611705
  • Category : Philosophy

Synopsis:
This book explores and elaborates three theories of public reason, drawn from Rawlsian political liberalism, natural law theory, and Confucianism. Drawing together academics from these separate approaches, the volume explores how the three theories critique each other, as well as how each one brings its theoretical arsenal to bear on the urgent contemporary debate of medical assistance in dying. The volume is structured in two parts: an exploration of the three traditions, followed by an in-depth overview of the conceptual and historical background. In Part I, the three comprehensive opening chapters are supplemented by six dynamic chapters in dialogue with each other, each author responding to the other two traditions, and subsequently reflecting on the possible deficiencies of their own


Understanding Physics Using Mathematical Reasoning PDF
  • Author : Andrzej Sokolowski
  • Release : 2021-08-20
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9783030802059
  • Category : Education

Synopsis:
This book speaks about physics discoveries that intertwine mathematical reasoning, modeling, and scientific inquiry. It offers ways of bringing together the structural domain of mathematics and the content of physics in one coherent inquiry. Teaching and learning physics is challenging because students lack the skills to merge these learning paradigms. The purpose of this book is not only to improve access to the understanding of natural phenomena but also to inspire new ways of delivering and understanding the complex concepts of physics. To sustain physics education in college classrooms, authentic training that would help develop high school students’ skills of transcending function modeling techniques to reason scientifically is needed and this book aspires to offer such training The


The Reasoning of Unreason PDF
  • Author : John Roberts
  • Release : 2018-08-23
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9781350015838
  • Category : Philosophy

Synopsis:
The twenty-first century so far has seen the global rise of authoritarian populism, systematic racism, and dogmatic metaphysics. Even though these events demonstrate the growth of an age of 'unreason', in this original and compelling book John Roberts resists the assumption that such thinking displays an unthinking irrationality or loss of reason; instead he asserts that an important feature of modern reactionary politics is that it offers a supposedly convincing integration of the particular and the universal. This move is defined by what Roberts calls the 'reasoning of unreason' and has deep roots in the history of Western thought and politics. Tracing the dark history of enlightenment-disenlightenment, John Roberts explores 'the reasoning of unreason' across centuries from Aquinas, Will


Model Based Reasoning in Science and Technology PDF
  • Author : Lorenzo Magnani
  • Release : 2013-08-31
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Pages : 639
  • ISBN : 9783642374289
  • Category : Science

Synopsis:
This book contains contributions presented during the international conference on Model-Based Reasoning (MBR ́012), held on June 21-23 in Sestri Levante, Italy. Interdisciplinary researchers discuss in this volume how scientific cognition and other kinds of cognition make use of models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning in order to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. Some of the contributions analyzed the problem of model-based reasoning in technology and stressed the issues of scientific and technological innovation. The book is divided in three main parts: models, mental models, representations; abduction, problem solving and practical reasoning; historical, epistemological and technological issues. The volume is based on the papers that were presented at


Analogical Reasoning in Law PDF
  • Author : Maciej Koszowski
  • Release : 2019-04-02
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9781527532496
  • Category : Philosophy

Synopsis:
This work tackles the most intriguing type of reasoning which one may employ within the field of law. In addition to the merits and drawbacks of legal analogy, it discusses the orthodox approaches to it, together with their critical analysis, also posing challenges that these conceptions have difficulty in managing. As an alternative, the book advances an account of legal analogical reasoning that correlates well with the division into rational and intuitive thinking that occurs in contemporary psychology. By doing so, many of the unique properties of legal analogy which have been traditionally associated with it and which have often been difficult to explain become readily understandable. Moreover, the very source of the almost mystical faith in power and infallibleness of such analogy is


The Dispositional Architecture of Epistemic Reasons PDF
  • Author : Hamid Vahid
  • Release : 2020-09-07
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9781000179026
  • Category : Philosophy

Synopsis:
This book is concerned with the conditions under which epistemic reasons provide justification for beliefs. The author draws on metaethical theories of reasons and normativity and then applies his theory to various contemporary debates in epistemology. In the first part of the book, the author outlines what he calls the dispositional architecture of epistemic reasons. The author offers and defends a dispositional account of how propositional and doxastic justification are related to one another. He then argues that the dispositional view has the resources to provide an acceptable account of the notion of the basing relation. In the second part of the book, the author examines how his theory of epistemic reasons bears on the issues involving perceptual reasons. He defends dogmatism about pe


The Voice of Reason in Defence of the Christian Faith  as May be Supposed Would be Now Raised by the Departed Spirit of the Author of    The Age of Reason     PDF
  • Author : William PASHLEY
  • Release : 1830
  • Publisher :
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : BL:A0018959989
  • Category :

Synopsis: