Download Reason and Rhetoric in the Philosophy of Hobbes PDF
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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 0521554365
Pages : 394 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (543 users)
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Download or read book Reason and Rhetoric in the Philosophy of Hobbes written by Quentin Skinner and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 1996-02-22 with total page 394 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An outstanding new interpretation of Hobbes, one of the most difficult and challenging of political philosophers.


Download Rescuing Reason PDF
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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9789401002899
Pages : 559 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (1 users)
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Download or read book Rescuing Reason written by R. Nola and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2012-12-06 with total page 559 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Do knowledge and science arise from the application of canons of rationality and scientific method? Or is all our scientific knowledge caused by socio-political factors, or by our interests in the socio-political - the view of sociologists of "knowledge"? Or does it result from interplay of relations of power - the view of Michel Foucault? Or does our knowledge arise from "the will to power" - the view of Nietzsche? This volume sets out to critically examine the theses of those who would debunk the idea of rational explanation. The book is wide-ranging. The theories of method of Quine, Kuhn, Feyerabend (amongst others) are discussed and related to the views of Marx, Foucault, Wittgenstein and Nietzsche as well as sociologists of science such as Mannheim and Bloor. The author provides a wide interpretative framework which links the doctrines espoused by many of these authors; it is argued that they inherit many of the difficulties in the Strong Programme in the sociology of "knowledge", and that they fail to reconcile the normativity of knowledge with their naturalism. It is argued that neither relativists, sceptics, nihilists, sociologists of "knowledge" nor the postmodernists successfully debunk the claims of rational explanation, far from it: these theorists presuppose much of the theory of methodology they deny.


Download Reason for the Hope Within PDF
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Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 0802844375
Pages : 450 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (443 users)
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Download or read book Reason for the Hope Within written by Michael J. Murray and published by Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. This book was released on 1999 with total page 450 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: During the last two decades there has been a renaissance in the field of Christian philosophy. Unfortunately, most of this excellent work has not reached general readers. Reason for the Hope Within was produced specifically to make available the best of contemporary Christian philosophy in a clear, accessible -- and highly relevant -- manner. Fourteen of America's rising Christian philosophers here cover many of the traditional themes of Christian apologetics (arguments for the existence of God, the problem of evil, the possibility of miracles) as well as topics of special relevance to today's world (Eastern religions, Christianity and science, Christianity and ethics, the existence of heaven and hell).


Download Reasons of One s Own PDF
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Publisher : Routledge
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ISBN 10 : 9781351150705
Pages : 220 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (511 users)
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Download or read book Reasons of One s Own written by Marc Slors and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2017-11-28 with total page 220 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Practical reasoning in contemporary Western societies is characterised by an unprecedented degree of idiosyncrasy and demands of personal authenticity. This has resulted from the decline of traditional moral authorities, the rise of individualistic lifestyles, increasing multiculturalism and rapid technological advance. These developments have given rise to reflection on the notion of 'reasons of one's own', an examination of the intelligibility of reasons that are closely connected to a particular agent, and recognised as such by others, although not shared by them. Problems addressed by the contributors include; How to account for the cognitive overtones in moral and motivational language given the apparent 'agent-relativity' of reasons. How to retain the 'agent-relativity' of reasons for action given that they require articulation through a language shared by the community, and how to account for the practical rationality required for co-operation between persons in view of the idiosyncrasy of a person's motivating reasons. In dealing with these issues this book presents a range of investigative essays on the concept of reasons of one's own by leading authors from all relevant philosophical areas of expertise.


Download Doing Things for Reasons PDF
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Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
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ISBN 10 : 9780195143645
Pages : 217 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (951 users)
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Download or read book Doing Things for Reasons written by Rüdiger Bittner and published by Oxford University Press on Demand. This book was released on 2001 with total page 217 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: People do things for reasons, but what are reasons and how are they related to the resulting actions? Bittner explores this question and proposes an answer: a reason is a response to that state of affairs.


Download Semantics for Reasons PDF
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Publisher : Oxford University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780192568847
Pages : 176 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (925 users)
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Download or read book Semantics for Reasons written by Bryan R. Weaver and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2019-06-27 with total page 176 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Semantics for Reasons is a book about what we mean when we talk about reasons. It not only brings together the theory of reasons and natural language semantics in original ways but also sketches out a litany of implications for metaethics and the philosophy of normativity. In their account of how the language of reasons works, Bryan R. Weaver and Kevin Scharp propose and defend a view called Question Under Discussion (QUD) Reasons Contextualism. They use this view to argue for a series of novel positions on the ontology of reasons, indexical facts, the reasons-to-be- rational debate, moral reasons, and the reasons-first approach.


Download The Evidential Foundations of Probabilistic Reasoning PDF
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Publisher : Northwestern University Press
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ISBN 10 : 0810118211
Pages : 572 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (182 users)
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Download or read book The Evidential Foundations of Probabilistic Reasoning written by David A. Schum and published by Northwestern University Press. This book was released on 2001 with total page 572 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this work Schum develops a general theory of evidence as it is understood and applied across a broad range of disciplines and practical undertakings. He include insights from law, philosophy, logic, probability, semiotics, artificial intelligence, psychology and history.


Download An Introduction to Law and Legal Reasoning PDF
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Publisher : Aspen Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9781454822639
Pages : 270 pages
Rating : 4.4/5 (548 users)
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Download or read book An Introduction to Law and Legal Reasoning written by Steven J. Burton and published by Aspen Publishing. This book was released on 2007-01-10 with total page 270 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Now in its Third Edition, An Introduction to Law and Legal Reasoning continues to be the ideal go-to for the first year law student. It is a short, practical book that introduces beginning law students and others to contemporary law and legal reasoning. By presenting these topics through various discussions of cases and examples, it provides students with a solid source to reference for years to come. A dependable, practical source, that: Covers analogical and deductive reasoning, as well as the roles of legal conventions, purposes, and policies in legal reasoning Discusses cases of varying difficulty to diversify the learning process Presents law and legal reasoning primarily through discussions of cases and examples that avoid the abstraction characteristic of most competing books Emphasizes the law as used in practice by lawyers and judges Provides an explicit and systematic introduction to law and legal reasoning Offers a source suitable for use as supplementary reading in any first year course, in legal research and writing courses, in paralegal courses, and in other settings This great new edition has been carefully updated to include: A new chapter, "Hardest Cases," that highlights cases notorious in the press Updates throughout that guarantee the most current legal information


Download The Cambridge Review PDF
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ISBN 10 : HARVARD:HXDS6N
Pages : 634 pages
Rating : 4.A/5 ( users)
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Download or read book The Cambridge Review written by and published by . This book was released on 1894 with total page 634 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Vols. 1-26 include a supplement: The University pulpit, vols. [1]-26, no. 1-661, which has separate pagination but is indexed in the main vol.


Download The Reason s Proper Study PDF
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Publisher : Clarendon Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780191519079
Pages : 472 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (915 users)
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Download or read book The Reason s Proper Study written by Bob Hale and published by Clarendon Press. This book was released on 2001-03-01 with total page 472 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Bob Hale and Crispin Wright draw together here the key writings in which they have worked out their distinctive neo-Fregean approach to the philosophy of mathematics. The two main components in Frege's mathematical philosophy were his platonism and his logicism — the claims, respectively, that mathematics is a body of knowledge about independently existing objects, and that this knowledge may be acquired on the basis of general logical laws and suitable definitions. The central thesis of this collection is that Frege was — his own eventual recantation notwithstanding — substantially right in both claims. Where neo-Fregeanism principally differs from Frege is in taking a more optimistic view of the kind of contextual explanation (proceeding via what are now commonly called abstraction principles) of the fundamental concepts of arithmetic and analysis which Frege considered and rejected. On this basis, neo-Fregeanism promises defensible and attractive answers to some of the most important ontological and epistemological questions in the philosophy of mathematics. In addition to fourteen previously published papers, the volume features a new paper on the Julius Caesar problem; a substantial new introduction mapping out the programme and the contributions made to it by the various papers; a postscript explaining which issues most require further attention; and bibliographies both of references and of further useful sources. The Reason's Proper Study will be recognized as the most powerful presentation yet of the neo-Fregean programme; it will prove indispensable reading not just to philosophers of mathematics but to all who are interested in the fundamental metaphysical and epistemological issues on which the programme impinges.


Download Now Don t Try to Reason with Me PDF
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Publisher : University of Chicago Press
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ISBN 10 : 9780226065809
Pages : 398 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (26 users)
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Download or read book Now Don t Try to Reason with Me written by Wayne C. Booth and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 1970 with total page 398 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In this entertaining collection of essays, Wayne Booth looks for the much-maligned “middle ground” for reason—a rhetoric that can unite truths of the heart with truths of the head and allow us all to discover shared convictions in mutual inquiry. First delivered as lectures in the 1960s, when Booth was a professor at Earlham College and the University of Chicago, Now Don’t Try to Reason with Me still resounds with anyone struggling for consensus in a world of us versus them. “Professor Booth’s earnestness is graced by wit, irony, and generous humor.”—Louis Coxe, New Republic


Download Practical Reason and Norms PDF
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Publisher : OUP Oxford
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ISBN 10 : 9780191018589
Pages : 220 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (91 users)
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Download or read book Practical Reason and Norms written by Joseph Raz and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 1999-09-09 with total page 220 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Practical Reason and Norms focuses on three problems: In what way are rules normative, and how do they differ from ordinary reasons? What makes normative systems systematic? What distinguishes legal systems, and in what consists their normativity? All three questions are answered by taking reasons as the basic normative concept, and showing the distinctive role reasons have in every case, thus paving the way to a unified account of normativity. Rules are a structure of reasons to perform the required act and an exclusionary reason not to follow some competing reasons. Exclusionary reasons are explained, and used to unlock the secrets of orders, promises, and decisions as well as rules. Games are used to exemplify normative systems. Inevitably, the analysis extends to some aspects of normative discourse, which is truth-apt, but with a diminished assertoric force.


Download Reason  Revelation  and Devotion PDF
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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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ISBN 10 : 9781107062405
Pages : 217 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (7 users)
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Download or read book Reason Revelation and Devotion written by William J. Wainwright and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2016 with total page 217 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The book presents a novel defense of the beneficial epistemic effect that extra logical features can have on the assessment of religious arguments.


Download Public Reason and Bioethics PDF
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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 10 : 9783030611705
Pages : 415 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (36 users)
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Download or read book Public Reason and Bioethics written by Hon-Lam Li and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2022-01-01 with total page 415 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores and elaborates three theories of public reason, drawn from Rawlsian political liberalism, natural law theory, and Confucianism. Drawing together academics from these separate approaches, the volume explores how the three theories critique each other, as well as how each one brings its theoretical arsenal to bear on the urgent contemporary debate of medical assistance in dying. The volume is structured in two parts: an exploration of the three traditions, followed by an in-depth overview of the conceptual and historical background. In Part I, the three comprehensive opening chapters are supplemented by six dynamic chapters in dialogue with each other, each author responding to the other two traditions, and subsequently reflecting on the possible deficiencies of their own theories. The chapters in Part II cover a broad range of subjects, from an overview of the history of bioethics to the nature of autonomy and its status as a moral and political value. In its entirety, the volume provides a vibrant and exemplary collaborative resource to scholars interested in the role of public reason and its relevance in bioethical debate.


Download Understanding Physics Using Mathematical Reasoning PDF
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Publisher : Springer Nature
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ISBN 10 : 9783030802059
Pages : 208 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (38 users)
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Download or read book Understanding Physics Using Mathematical Reasoning written by Andrzej Sokolowski and published by Springer Nature. This book was released on 2021-08-20 with total page 208 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book speaks about physics discoveries that intertwine mathematical reasoning, modeling, and scientific inquiry. It offers ways of bringing together the structural domain of mathematics and the content of physics in one coherent inquiry. Teaching and learning physics is challenging because students lack the skills to merge these learning paradigms. The purpose of this book is not only to improve access to the understanding of natural phenomena but also to inspire new ways of delivering and understanding the complex concepts of physics. To sustain physics education in college classrooms, authentic training that would help develop high school students’ skills of transcending function modeling techniques to reason scientifically is needed and this book aspires to offer such training The book draws on current research in developing students’ mathematical reasoning. It identifies areas for advancements and proposes a conceptual framework that is tested in several case studies designed using that framework. Modeling Newton’s laws using limited case analysis, Modeling projectile motion using parametric equations and Enabling covariational reasoning in Einstein formula for the photoelectric effect represent some of these case studies. A wealth of conclusions that accompany these case studies, drawn from the realities of classroom teaching, is to help physics teachers and researchers adopt these ideas in practice.


Download The Reasoning of Unreason PDF
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Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
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ISBN 10 : 9781350015838
Pages : 224 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (5 users)
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Download or read book The Reasoning of Unreason written by John Roberts and published by Bloomsbury Publishing. This book was released on 2018-08-23 with total page 224 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The twenty-first century so far has seen the global rise of authoritarian populism, systematic racism, and dogmatic metaphysics. Even though these events demonstrate the growth of an age of 'unreason', in this original and compelling book John Roberts resists the assumption that such thinking displays an unthinking irrationality or loss of reason; instead he asserts that an important feature of modern reactionary politics is that it offers a supposedly convincing integration of the particular and the universal. This move is defined by what Roberts calls the 'reasoning of unreason' and has deep roots in the history of Western thought and politics. Tracing the dark history of enlightenment-disenlightenment, John Roberts explores 'the reasoning of unreason' across centuries from Aquinas, William of Ockham, the most important treatise on witchcraft Malleus Maleficarum, Locke, Kant, and Count Arthur de Gobineau, to Social Darwinism, Nazism, Carl Schmitt, Leo Strauss, and Friedrich von Hayek. Roberts provides a new set of philosophical-political tools to understand the formation and denigration of the rational subject and the current reinvestment in various forms of political unreason globally. The Reasoning of Unreason is the first book to draw on the philosophy of reason, political philosophy, political theory and political history, in order to produce a dialectical account of the 'making of reason' internal to the forces of unreason and the limits of reason.


Download Model Based Reasoning in Science and Technology PDF
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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
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ISBN 10 : 9783642374289
Pages : 639 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (423 users)
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Download or read book Model Based Reasoning in Science and Technology written by Lorenzo Magnani and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2013-08-31 with total page 639 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book contains contributions presented during the international conference on Model-Based Reasoning (MBR ́012), held on June 21-23 in Sestri Levante, Italy. Interdisciplinary researchers discuss in this volume how scientific cognition and other kinds of cognition make use of models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning in order to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. Some of the contributions analyzed the problem of model-based reasoning in technology and stressed the issues of scientific and technological innovation. The book is divided in three main parts: models, mental models, representations; abduction, problem solving and practical reasoning; historical, epistemological and technological issues. The volume is based on the papers that were presented at the international